In American Psychiartric Association v. Anthem Health Plans, No. 14-3993-cv. (2nd Cir. 2016), the plaintiffs are two individual psychiatrists, Susan Savulak, M.D., and Theodore Zanker, M.D. (“the psychiatrists”), and three professional associations of psychiatrists, the American Psychiatric Association, the Connecticut Psychiatric Society, Inc., and the Connecticut Council of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (collectively, “the associations”). They brought suit in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against the defendants, which are four health-insurance companies: Anthem Health Plans, Inc., Anthem Insurance Companies, Inc., Wellpoint, Inc. and Wellpoint Companies, Inc. (collectively, “the health insurers”).
The psychiatrists and the associations allege that the health insurers’ reimbursement practices discriminate against patients with mental health and substance use disorders in violation of the Mental Health Parity and Addition Equity Act of 2008 (“MHPAEA”) and ERISA. The associations brought suit on behalf of their members and their members’ patients, while the psychiatrists brought suit on behalf of themselves and their patients. The district court dismissed the case after concluding that the psychiatrists lacked a cause of action under ERISA and the associations lacked constitutional standing to pursue their respective claims.
The Second Circuit Court of Appeals (the “Court”) affirmed the district court’s decision. The Court held that, since the psychiatrists are not among those expressly authorized to sue, they lack a cause of action (that is, standing to sue) under ERISA. Further, the Court held that the association plaintiffs lack constitutional standing to pursue their respective MHPAEA and ERISA claims because their members lack standing.